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Thermal radiation as a probe of one-dimensional electron liquids

TitleThermal radiation as a probe of one-dimensional electron liquids
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsW. DeGottardi, M. J. Gullans, S. Hegde, S. Vishveshwara, and M. Hafezi
JournalPhys. Rev. B
Date PublishedJUN 11
Type of ArticleArticle

Motivated by recent developments in the field of plasmonics, we develop the theory of radiation from one-dimensional electron liquids, showing that the spectrum of thermal radiation emitted from the system exhibits signatures of non-Fermi liquid behavior. We derive a multipole expansion for the radiation based on the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid model. While the dipole radiation pattern is determined by the conductivity of the system, we demonstrate that the quadrupole radiation can reveal important features of the quantum liquid, such as the Luttinger parameter. Radiation offers a probe of the interactions of the system, including Mott physics as well as nonlinear Luttinger liquid behavior. We show that these effects can be probed in current experiments on effectively one-dimensional electron liquids, such as carbon nanotubes.