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Quantum routing with fast reversals

TitleQuantum routing with fast reversals
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsA. Bapat, A. M. Childs, A. V. Gorshkov, S. King, E. Schoute, and H. Shastri
Date PublishedAUG 31
Type of ArticleArticle

We present methods for implementing arbitrary permutations of qubits under interaction constraints. Our protocols make use of previous methods for rapidly reversing the order of qubits along a path. Given nearest-neighbor interactions on a path of length n, we show that there exists a constant epsilon approximate to 0.034 such that the quantum routing time is at most (1 - epsilon)n, whereas any SWAP-based protocol needs at least time n - 1. This represents the first known quantum advantage over SWAP-based routing methods and also gives improved quantum routing times for realistic architectures such as grids. Furthermore, we show that our algorithm approaches a quantum routing time of 2n/3 in expectation for uniformly random permutations, whereas SWAP-based protocols require time n asymptotically. Additionally, we consider sparse permutations that route k <= n qubits and give algorithms with quantum routing time at most n/3 + O(k(2)) on paths and at most 2r/3 + O(k(2)) on general graphs with radius r.