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Quantum Brownian motion of a particle from Casimir-Polder interactions

TitleQuantum Brownian motion of a particle from Casimir-Polder interactions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsK. Sinha, and Y. Subasi
JournalPhys. Rev. A
Date PublishedMAR 13
Type of ArticleArticle

We study the fluctuation-induced dissipative dynamics of the quantized center-of-mass motion of a polarizable dielectric particle trapped near a surface. The particle's center of mass is treated as an open quantum system coupled to the electromagnetic field acting as its environment, with the resulting system dynamics described by a quantum Brownian motion master equation. The dissipation and decoherence of the particle's center of mass are characterized by the modified spectral density of the electromagnetic field that depends on surface losses and the strength of the classical trap field. Our results are relevant to experiments with levitated dielectric particles near surfaces, illustrating potential ways of mitigating fluctuation-induced decoherence while preparing such systems in macroscopic quantum states.