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Optimizing Stabilizer Parities for Improved Logical Qubit Memories

TitleOptimizing Stabilizer Parities for Improved Logical Qubit Memories
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsD. M. Debroy, L. Egan, C. Noel, A. Risinger, D. Zhu, D. Biswas, M. Cetina, C. Monroe, and K. R. Brown
JournalPhys. Rev. Lett.
Date PublishedDEC 6
Type of ArticleArticle

We study variants of Shor's code that are adept at handling single-axis correlated idling errors, which are commonly observed in many quantum systems. By using the repetition code structure of the Shor's code basis states, we calculate the logical channel applied to the encoded information when subjected to coherent and correlated single qubit idling errors, followed by stabilizer measurement. Changing the signs of the stabilizer generators allows us to change how the coherent errors interfere, leading to a quantum error correcting code which performs as well as a classical repetition code of equivalent distance against these errors. We demonstrate a factor of 3.78 +/- 1.20 improvement of the logical T2{*} in a distance-3 logical qubit implemented on a trapped-ion quantum computer. Even-distance versions of our Shor-code variants are decoherence-free subspaces and fully robust to identical and independent coherent idling noise.