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On-demand indistinguishable single photons from an efficient and pure source based on a Rydberg ensemble

TitleOn-demand indistinguishable single photons from an efficient and pure source based on a Rydberg ensemble
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsD.. P. Ornelas-Huerta, A.. N. Craddock, E.. A. Goldschmidt, A.. J. Hachtel, Y.. Wang, P.. Bienias, A. V. Gorshkov, S.. L. Rolston, and J.. V. Porto
Date PublishedJUL 20
Type of ArticleArticle

Single photons coupled to atomic systems have shown to be a promising platform for developing quantum technologies. Yet a bright on-demand, highly pure, and highly indistinguishable single-photon source compatible with atomic platforms is lacking. In this work, we demonstrate such a source based on a strongly interacting Rydberg system. The large optical nonlinearities in a blockaded Rydberg ensemble convert coherent light into a single collective excitation that can be coherently retrieved as a quantum field. We simultaneously observe a fully single-mode (spectral, temporal, spatial, and polarization) efficiency up to 0.098(2), a detector-background-subtracted g((2))+5.0(1.6) x 10(-4), and indistinguishability of 0.980(7), at an average photon production rate of 1.18(2) x 10(4) s(-1), All of these make this system promising for scalable quantum information applications. Furthermore, we investigate the effects of contaminant Rydberg excitations on the source efficiency and observed single-mode efficiencies up to 0.18(2) for lower photon rates. Finally, recognizing that many quantum information protocols require a single photon in a fully single mode, we introduce metrics that take into account all degrees of freedom to benchmark the performance of on-demand sources. (C) 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement