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Entanglement bounds on the performance of quantum computing architectures

TitleEntanglement bounds on the performance of quantum computing architectures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsZ. Eldredge, L. Zhou, A. Bapat, J. R. Garrison, A. Deshpande, F. T. Chong, and
JournalPhys. Rev. Res.
Date Publishedaug

There are many possible architectures of qubit connectivity that designers of future quantum computers will need to choose between. However, the process of evaluating a particular connectivity graph's performance as a quantum architecture can be difficult. In this paper, we show that a quantity known as the isoperimetric number establishes a lower bound on the time required to create highly entangled states. This metric we propose counts resources based on the use of two-qubit unitary operations, while allowing for arbitrarily fast measurements and classical feedback. We use this metric to evaluate the hierarchical architecture proposed by A. Bapat et al. [Phys. Rev. A 98, 062328 (2018)] and find it to be a promising alternative to the conventional grid architecture. We also show that the lower bound that this metric places on the creation time of highly entangled states can be saturated with a constructive protocol, up to a factor logarithmic in the number of qubits.