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Broadband resonator-waveguide coupling for efficient extraction of octave-spanning microcombs

TitleBroadband resonator-waveguide coupling for efficient extraction of octave-spanning microcombs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsG. Moille, Q. Li, T. C. Briles, S-P. Yu, T. Drake, X. Lu, A. Rao, D. Westly, S. B. Papp, and K. Srinivasan
JournalOpt. Lett.
Date PublishedOCT 1
Type of ArticleArticle

Octave-spanning frequency combs have been successfully demonstrated in Kerr nonlinear microresonators. These microcombs rely on both engineered dispersion, to enable generation of frequency components across the octave, and on engineered coupling, to efficiently extract the generated light into an access waveguide while maintaining a close to critically coupled pump. The latter is challenging, as the spatial overlap between the access waveguide and the ring modes decays with frequency. This leads to strong coupling variation across the octave, with poor extraction at short wavelengths. Here, we investigate how a waveguide wrapped around a portion of the resonator, in a pulley scheme, can improve the extraction of octave-spanning microcombs, in particular at short wavelengths. We use the coupled-mode theory to predict the performance of the pulley couplers and demonstrate good agreement with experimental measurements. Using an optimal pulley coupling design, we demonstrate a 20 dB improvement in extraction at short wavelengths compared to straight waveguide coupling. (C) 2019 Optical Society of America