The glue that binds us all: lifting the veil on emergent universal dynamics in nature's strong force at high energies
Dr. Raju Venugopalan
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Massless gluons are responsible for nearly all of the mass of the visible universe. After a brief survey of their remarkable
properties, we outline how gluon matter at high energies can be described by a strongly correlated many-body theory with universal dynamics
that bears striking parallels to systems in statistical mechanics and to a memory effect carried by gravitational waves. When heavy nuclei collide at ultra relativistic energies,
Weibel-like instabilities drive the matter to decohere and flow to a nonthermal fixed point before forming a perfect fluid on parametrically long time scales.
This nonthermal fixed point of the hottest terrestrial fluid (T= trillion Kelvin) is universal and can be quantum simulated by cold atomic gases (T=nano Kelvin).